First program: Samantha Power - Genocide: A Problem from Hell
From Rwanda to Darfur, modern history is haunted by acts of systematic state violence. In 1915 when Turkey sent its Armenian population on death marches into the desert, U.S. ambassador Henry Morgenthau denounced what he called "race murder." Raphael Lemkin, a Polish lawyer, was appalled by the Turkish destruction of the Armenians and tried to get European countries to criminalize the wholesale extermination of ethnic and religious groups. His efforts were unsuccessful. During the Holocaust, Lemkin lost many family members in the German mass murder of Jews. He resolved to devise a word that would convey the horror. He coined the term genocide. He gave the crime a name and it led to the 1948 UN Convention on Genocide. But when do atrocities become genocide? At times for political purposes, the term is invoked promiscuously as a cover to justify intervention.
Second program: Israel Charny - Genocide Denial
The twentieth century is stained by death marches, gas chambers and killing fields. Genocide begins in Armenia, peaks in Europe and ends in Rwanda. It is difficult to refute the enormity of mass murder, yet deniers attempt to do so by revising and falsifying history. The Turkish government has taken denial to a new level by funding chairs at universities like Princeton to produce "scholarship" that the Armenian genocide never happened.
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