Iran Backgrounder 2-Pack
First Program: Iran: History & Politics -Laura Secor
Iran, a country of 80 million people, strategically straddles West and South Asia. Once in Washington’s hip pocket, Iran dramatically left the U.S. orbit in 1979 when the Shah was overthrown and the Islamic Republic was established. The “loss” of Iran was a major blow to Washington’s policy of dominating the Middle East and controlling its oil. Pretty much, ever since, the countries have been at loggerheads. The nuclear deal of 2015 was a breakthrough. However, there is a new sheriff in town and the rhetoric coming from the White House is belligerent. The President has tweeted, “Iran is playing with fire. They don't appreciate how 'kind' President Obama was to them. Not me!" Calling Iran, “the number one terror state,” he put it on the travel ban list. What’s going on inside Iran is largely unknown. Most media reports omit context and background.
Second Program: Iran: The 1953 American Coup -Stephen Kinzer
Regime change started decades ago. The new term is just a change of clothes. Dwight Eisenhower was president when the U.S. overthrew the popular democratic government of Mohammad Mossadegh in Iran in 1953. What was Mossadegh's transgression? He wanted Iran's oil to benefit the Iranian people. The coup brought the shah back from exile and put him on the Peacock Throne. What ensued was 25 years of tyranny and repression culminating in Ayatollah Khomeini's Islamic Revolution. The coup in Iran was a pivotal event of the 20th century. Virtually all Iranians know about it. Yet most Americans haven't even heard of it. The U.S. professes that it supports democracy in the Middle East yet when there was a democratic government in Iran the U.S. destroyed it.
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Terrorism: Theirs and Ours
Terrorism is the scourge of the era. It is a fearsome symbol conjuring up images of ferocious-looking, bearded men brandishing AK-47s. The media focus on the terrorism of official enemies...
Eqbal Ahmad, David Barsamian
Terrorism: Theirs & Ours
This Open Media Pamphlet Series edition (59 pp.) features edited transcripts from Eqbal Ahmad's lecture at the University of Colorado, October 12, 1998 and excerpts from David Barsamian's extensive interviews with...
Saudi Arabia: History & Politics
Saudi Arabia is a quixotic ally of the U.S., to say the least. Fifteen of the nineteen 9/11 hijackers were from the desert kingdom. In the wake of the attack,...
Afghanistan: Beyond the Propaganda
The pretext of the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan in October 2001 was the September 11 attacks. Washington announced it was pursuing Osama bin Laden. But very quickly the Bush administration...
Iran: History & Politics
Iran, a country of 80 million people, strategically straddles West and South Asia. Once in Washington’s hip pocket, Iran dramatically left the U.S. orbit in 1979 when the Shah was...
Understanding the Middle East + Terrorism: Theirs & Ours
2 Programs First program: Chris Giannou - Understanding the Middle East Large parts of the Middle East today are engulfed in violence. Why? What historical factors shape the current conflicts?...
Ahmed Rashid, Ervand Abrahamian
Afghanistan, Pakistan & Iran
Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran have extensive historical and cultural links. Peoples, languages, music, and food spill over borders. The U.S. is deeply involved in all three nations. It has occupied...
Muhammed Aziz Shukri
A Syrian View of the Middle East
Syria is a millennia old civilization with great traditions in music, poetry, architecture and art. Damascus, its capital, is the oldest, continuously inhabited city in the world. Syria sided with the U.S....
Abdel Bari Atwan
Al-Qa'ida, the base in Arabic, first emerged in an embryonic form in 1988. Its core consisted of the Arab mujahedeen fighters who went to Afghanistan to oust the Soviets. It was established...
Afghanistan: Beyond the Propaganda + Drone Warfare
2 CDs First program: Kathy Kelly - Afghanistan: Beyond the Propaganda The pretext of the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan in October 2001 was the September 11 attacks. Washington announced it...
Afghanistan, bin Laden, and the Taliban
In late December 1979, the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan. The United States in its goal to oust them cut Faustian bargains with individuals and groups that are now implicated in...
Afghanistan: Two Interviews
Because of the refugee crisis precipitated by the Soviet invasion, Louis Dupree says, “Afghanistan will never be the same again.” He calls it “migratory genocide.” Afghan expert and Louis’ partner...
Afghanistan & Pakistan: Countries in Crisis
Afghanistan and Pakistan, neighboring states, are both in a precarious situation. In Afghanistan, the leader is Hamid Karzai and in Pakistan it's Pervez Musharraf. They face huge internal problems. Both...