Rangina Hamidi was born in Kandahar, Afghanistan. In 1981, she emigrated to Pakistan and then to the U.S. in 1988 with her family. She returned to Afghanistan in 2003 and took up residence in Kandahar. She worked to better the lives of Afghans, particularly women and girls through development projects and most importantly, education. She served as Minister of Education of Afghanistan until August 15, 2021. She is co-author of the book Embroidering within Boundaries: Afghan Women Creating a Future.