Working Class Movies
Haskell Wexler recounts his experiences starting in 1946 as a filmmaker and cinematographer. “As the Cold War developed unions were decimated, all the unions that were active in favor of their workers were denuded off their militancy by calling them Reds. I jumped at the opportunity to work on John Sayles’ Matewan. To this day I feel it is one of the most important things I’ve ever done.” As to films with a message, studio mogul Sam Goldwin sarcastically said, “If you want to send a message go to Western Union.” Wexler adds, “No one speaks of bourgeois films or capitalist films. We’ve been fed a perverse ideology: the feeling of powerlessness and cynicism.” He describes the long hours and tough working conditions on the set. How does the employer look at the worker? He says, “You are a machine that they rent and they will stoke you with food and you keep working. They own us. They own our lives.” John Sayles quotes blacklisted actor Zero Mostel comment on Elia Kazan’s On the Waterfront: “A movie written by a rat directed by a rat about a rat.” Citing Barbara Ehrenreich’s work, Sayles says, “Hollywood movies have shadowed this idea that we are a classless society which we’re not.” American movies “sidestep class.” We as a society “don’t want to deal with it.” On the panel is also Kristi Jacobson, a young filmmaker, who talks about her documentary on truck drivers.
Moderated by David Barsamian.
Recorded at the Taos Talking Picture Festival.
Haskell Wexler was one of the great cinematographers of his era. He was known for his signature use of contrasts and shadows. He was colorblind, so he worked differently from cinematographers. He was an active union member and a staunch defender of worker’s rights. He was a multiple Academy Award winner. He directed the classic Medium Cool. He worked with John Sayles on Matewan, Eight Men Out and other films. He died at the age of 93 in 2015. He was a great friend to me and Alternative Radio. I met him in the mid-90s when I spoke at a bookstore in Santa Barbara. He would often call me after hearing an AR program to discuss it. He had a wonderfully infectious laugh. I miss him. – David Barsamian.
John Sayles is perhaps America’s most celebrated independent filmmaker. Among his classics are Matewan, Eight Men Out, and Lone Star. His latest film, Silver City received a “Two Thumbs Way Up!” review from Roger Ebert.
She is an Emmy Award-winning filmmaker and director/producer and founder of Catalyst Films. Her work has premiered at the Sundance and Tribeca Film Festivals and has been broadcast on HBO and PBS.
One of America’s most tireless and wide-ranging investigative journalists, David Barsamian has altered the independent media landscape. His weekly radio program Alternative Radio is now in its 34th season. His books with Noam Chomsky, Eqbal Ahmad, Howard Zinn, Tariq Ali, Richard Wolff, Arundhati Roy and Edward Said sell around the world. His latest book with Noam Chomsky is Global Discontents: Conversations on the Rising Threats to Democracy. He lectures on world affairs, imperialism, capitalism, the media, and the eco-crisis. In 2017 Radical Desi in Vancouver presented him with their Lifetime Achievement Award. He has collaborated with the world-renowned Kronos Quartet in events in New York, London, Vienna, Boulder and San Francisco. David Barsamian is the winner of the Media Education Award, the ACLU’s Upton Sinclair Award for independent journalism, and the Cultural Freedom Fellowship from the Lannan Foundation. The Institute for Alternative Journalism named him one of its Top Ten Media Heroes.